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英语美文:英文诵典美文精华必背31:The Definition of Peace 和平的定义(MP3+双语)

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  • The Definition of Peace

    和平的定义

    The greatest peace, I believe, is the peace which we derive from our faith in God Almighty; from certainty about our relationship with our Creator. Crises might beset us, battles might rage about us — but if we have faith and the certainty it brings, we will enjoy peace — the peace that surpasses all understanding.

    我相信,最伟大的和平源于我们对万能的上帝的信赖,源于我们和造物主之间关系的确定性。可能危机会使我们困惑,战争使我们愤怒,

    One's religious convictions obviously also translate into a specific approach towards peace in the secular sense. I have time only for a few perspectives on peace in this world and its effect on human relationships.

    从长远来看,一个人的宗教信仰会转变成特定的通往和平的方式。今天我将用有限的时间来讨论世界和平的几种前景,以及和平对人类关系的影响。

    Peace does not simply mean the absence of conflict:

    和平不仅仅是意味着没有冲突。

    Throughout history, there has been an absence of conflict in many repressive societies. This lack of conflict does not have its roots in harmony, goodwill or the consent of the parties involved — but often in fear, ignorance and powerlessness. There can thus be no real peace without justice or consent. Neither does peace necessarily imply tranquillity.

    纵观历史,在许多充满压迫的社会里也没有冲突。但是这种不冲突不是建立在和谐、善意及各方面互相认同的基础上的,而常常表现为恐惧、愚昧和无能为力。由此,没有公正和协调,就不会有真正的和平。和平也不一定仅指单纯的安宁。

    The affairs of mankind are in incessant flux. No relationship —between individuals or communities or political parties or countries — remains the same from one day to the next. New situations are forever arising and demand constant attention. Tensions build up and need to be defused. Militant radical minorities plan to disrupt peace and need to be contained.

    历史的车轮不会停止,个人、社区、政党、国家间的关系永远在变化。人们需要不断关注新的形势。紧张局势一出现,就需要我们去解决;如果少数好战激进分子妄图破坏和平,我们就应该抑制其行为。

    There can thus be no real peace without constant effort, planning and hard work.

    所以,没有长久的努力、周密的计划及艰苦的工作,就不会有真正的和平。

    Peace, therefore, is not an absence of conflict or a condition of stagnation.

    因此,和平不是没有冲突,也不是停滞不前。

    Peace is a frame of mind.

    和平是一种精神状态。

    It is a frame of mind in which countries, communities, parties and individuals seek to resolve their differences through agreements, through negotiation and compromise, instead of threats, compulsion and violence.

    和平是一种精神状态,各个国家、各个社区、各个政党和个人通过协商、谈判和相互谅解的方式解决分歧,而不是通过威胁、强迫和暴力。

    Peace is also a framework.

    和平还是一种框架。

    It is a framework consisting of rules, laws, agreements and conventions — a framework providing mechanisms for the peaceful resolution of the inevitable clashes of interest between countries, communities, parties and individuals. It is a framework within which the irresistible and dynamic processes of social, economic and political development can be regulated and accommodated.

    和平是一种由规则、法律、协定和惯例共同组成的框架。它为国家、社区、政党和个人等相关利益各方的冲突提供了和平解决的机制。在这个框架内,社会、经济、政治的发展将得到有效的控制及相互协调。

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