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英语美文:英文诵典美文精华必背39:On Truth 论真理(MP3+双语)

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  • On Truth

    论真理

    The first creature of God, in the works of the days, was the light of the sense; the last, was the light of reason; and his Sabbath work ever since, is the illumina­tion of his Spirit. First he breathed light, upon the face of the matter or chaos; then he breathed light, into the face of man; and still he breatheth and inspireth light, into the face of his chosen. The poet, that beautified the sect, that was otherwise inferior to the rest, saith yet excellently well: It is a pleasure, to stand upon the shore, and to see ships tossed upon the sea; a pleasure to stand in the window of a castle, and to see a battle, and the ad­ventures thereof below: but no pleasure is comparable to the standing upon the vantage ground of truth (a hill not to be commanded, and where the air is always clear and serene), and to see the errors, and wanderings, and mists, and tempests, in the vale below; so always that this prospect be with pity, and not with swelling or pride. Certainly, it is heaven upon earth, to have a man's mind move in charity, rest in providence, and turn upon the poles of truth.

    上帝创世时首创感觉之光,末创理智之光,此后安息而显圣灵。先以光照物质,分别混沌;次以光照人面,对其所选之人面更常耀不灭。古有诗人信非崇高,言则美善,曾有妙语云:“立岸上见浪催船行,一乐也;立城堡孔后看战斗进退乐也;然皆不足以比身居真理高地之乐也;真理之峰高不可及,可吸纯洁之气,可瞰谷下侧行、彷徨、迷雾、风暴之变”。景象如此,但须临之以怜世之心,而不可妄自尊大也。人心果能行爱心,安天命,运转于真理之轴上,诚为世上天国矣。

    To pass from theological and philosophical truth to the truth of civil business; it will be acknowledged, even by those that practice it not, that clear, and round deal­ing, is the honor of man's nature; and that mixture of falsehood, is like alloy in coin of gold and silver, which may make the metal work the better, but it embaseth it. For these winding, and crooked courses are the goings of the serpent, which goeth basely upon the belly, and not upon the feet. There is no vice, that doth so cover a man with shame, as to be found false and perfidious. And therefore Montaigne said prettily, when he inquired the reason why the word of the lie should be such a disgrace and such an odious charge? Saith he, If it be well weighed, to say that a man lieth, is as much to say, as that he is brave toward God, and a coward toward men. For a lie faces God, and shrinks from man. Surely the wickedness of falsehood, and breach of faith, cannot possibly be so highly expressed, as in that it shall be the last peal, to call the judgments of God upon the genera­tions of men; it being foretold, that when Christ cometh, he shall not find faith upon the earth.

    如自神学哲学之真理转论社会事务,则人无论遵守与否,皆识一点,即公开正直之行为人性之荣,如掺伪则如金银币中掺杂,用时纵然方便,其值大贬矣。盖此类歪斜之行唯毒蛇始为,因其无公行之足,唯有暗爬之腹也。恶行之中,令人蒙羞最大者莫过于虚伪背信。谎言之为奇耻大辱也,蒙田探究真理,曾云:“如深究此事,指人说谎犹言此人对上帝勇而对人怯也,盖说谎者敢于面对上帝,而畏避世人。”善哉此言。虚伪背信之恶,最有力之指责莫过于称之为向上帝鸣最后警钟,请来裁判无数世代之人,盖圣经早已预言,基督降世时,“世上已无信义可言矣”。

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